Learn more about the state in this article. Clothing patterns are traditional to each group, and the cloths are woven by the women. This particular gesture holds an important significance in the family and also in the society. Fourth day is known as LOUTOUYOU. Ukhrul is a land of the colourful Tangkhul Naga tribe with a rich culture and tradition which are in the forms of songs, legends, myths, folklores, religious belief, superstitions, etc. Eight day also known as Hahpayou, cultivators go to their paddy fields to work. These 16 tribes are different and unique in their customs and traditions. This sacrifice is done to propitiate and invoke the spirits of the fields to protect the crops from inundation, storm and other natural calamities. The state of Nagaland is inhabited by 16 main tribes. Agriculture is the main occupation of the people. After the rituals, the feathers of the chicken would be planted around the sacrificial alter and a particular leaf of a plant called ‘Khanangna’ are planted around the alter. Once known to bloom widely across the face of the Shirui hill during mid May to early June, the environmental changes has shrunken the natural habitat of the rare flower to the top of the hill. The peak stands at an elevation of about 2,835 m from the sea level. The major land use pattern is slash and burn cultivation locally known as Jhum. It has an area of 16,579 square kilometres (6,401 sq mi) with a population of 1,980,602 per the 2011 Census of India, making it one of the smallest states of India. Christianity was first brought to the Tangkhul people by Rev. Nagaland has a rich linguistic tradition with as many languages as there are tribes, each exclusive to itself. Feb 20, 2020 - Nagaland is a northeastern state of India and is one of the smallest states also called "The Switzerland of the East". I know, no matter how bad I write, you will always love it and thanks for that. Its capital city is Kohima and the largest city is Dimapur. Traditional dance of Poumai Naga Nagaland supports a flamboyant tribal culture which leaves anybody visiting the place amazed and dazzled. Mao legend said that when lovers go to Dziikou the night also turns like day and moonlit shines as of the sun. In the circumstances, English has come to serve as the State language while Nagamese, a kind of pidgin Assamese, has become the common lingua. The Poumai in general follow Christianity. Each of these tribes has their own unique and stellar and indigenous culture, customs, tradition and festivals. The 3rd day of the festival is meant for the married couple as they exchange gifts with each other’s… The following days are celebrated with feast and merrymaking. The rare Dziikou lily is found only in this valley. The best part of the festival is marked by invitation of relatives from other villages and from the local village itself. Tangkhuls in full traditional attire, http://https://googleweblight.com/?lite_url=https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tangkhul_Naga&ei=r0x5dywv&lc=en-IN&s=1&m=208&host=www.google.co.in&ts=1466357948&sig=AKOVD65Lc2wKE4aYCAbl8qx3lUpo7rsxBg, The new year cultural festival of Poumai Nagas is celebrated on in the month of January to mark the cultural reverence, social interactions and family reunion. The first day of the festival is known as SHAA. May the state keep progressing in the years ahead. The items of their daily use also bear the marks of their ethnicity and aesthetic excellence. In this blissful setting Nagas enjoy the blessing of Nature with rare gusto striking the onlookers with awe and admiration. Also with various colourful traditional attires for both men and women folks. The Naga people love colour as is evident in the shawls designed and woven by women, and in the headgear that both sexes design. Nagaland has a rich linguistic tradition with as many languages as there are tribes, each exclusive to itself. Mangkhap festival is observed after the completion of heavy ploughing, rice transplantation with much eating, drinking, feasting and merry making. Moatsü is celebrated in the first week of May every year. I have the utmost respect for the culture of Nagaland and the Naga people. The people of Nagaland are versatile artisans. The guest, sisters and in-laws or relatives who attend the festival were dropped off till the village boundary. Amongst the tribesmen of Poumai, the inhabitants of Onaema(Oinam Hill) make the earthen pots and utensils called Pouli. They celebrate their distinct seasonal festivals with a pageantry of colour and a feast of music. Most of the major rivers originate from the crevices and slopes of the Shirui Peak. The Poumai villages wholly cover three Sub-Dividions namely, Paomata SDO/BDO, Purul SDO/BDO, Chilivai SDO/BDO, some of the villages are under Kangpokpi Sub- Division and some in Phek Districts of Nagaland. Check out places to visit in Nagaland: On the Seventh Day, all the males have separate kitchen like on the fourth day. Rahman had performed there. It is celebrated on April, when the month is adorned with colourful flowers and fresh green leaves. A national park was set up in 1982 for the preservation of this rare flower. Rice is the main food of the people. Married women serve rice beer to their parents. These include the Kukis, Angamis, Changs, Konyaks, Aos, Kacharis, Sumis, Chakhesangs, Lothas, Pochurys and others. Sixth day is known as SEPAOYOU, means sending off the visitors or guests. The state of Nagaland is inhabited by 16 main tribes. Of the 32 such tribes, 16 major and numerous sub-tribes spread over Nagaland’s eleven districts; primary amongst them are the Angami, Sumi, Konyak, Lotha, Ao, Chakhesang, Phom, Sangtam, Phom, Chang, Yimchunger, Khiamniungan, Zeliang, Pochury and Rengma, each with their own distinct culture and lifestyle. It is a colourful state of impeccable culture and traditions. They rear domestic animals for food, they also hunt wild animals and birds. To begin with, the Institution was started in a small Hill type building spared by the Nagaland Civil Secretariat, headed by a Research Officer. Rice, maize, potato, cabbage, buffalo, pig and goats are the main animals reared. This special boiled rice cake is called ‘Khamuidalu’. The State is replete with festivities throughout the year, as all tribes celebrate their own festivals with a pageantry of colour, music and dance. When the festival arrives, animals are killed for meat and vegetables are collected from the fields. During the festival, each group would make sticky rice cake. The discovery of the rare variety of lily endemic to the Shirui hill is credited to an English Botanist and explorer named Francis Kingdom Ward aka Frank kingdom-Ward who is known for his expedition hunting flowers in the region around Tibet, North Western China, Myanmar and of course the North East of India. Marriage and Morals. Over 85% population of Nagaland is directly dependent on agriculture and lives in a thousand and odd villages situated on high hill tops or slopes overlooking verdant valleys humming with murmuring streams. Since Mangkhap festival is a festival of rest after the completion of heavy cultivation, heavy feasts are arranged to replenish the lost energy. This day was marked as the preparation day for the festival. The popular Shirui Kashung Peak is located in the Shirui village of Ukhrul District. Their culture is exemplary and so is their contribution to India’s progress. The people of Nagaland want you to know this about their culture. This is followed by many more animal sacrifices. Colorful life and culture are an integral part of the 16 officially recognized Naga tribes of Nagaland. This festival is celebrated for 7 days. On the occasion of the 58th Statehood Day of Nagaland, the Prime Minister greeted the people of the state. We Naga are taught that all things stem from and continue to be tied to the past, and that it must continue to be respected and preserved. Nagaland /ˈnɑːɡəlænd/ is a state in north-eastern India. These include the Kukis, Angamis, Changs, Konyaks, Aos, Kacharis, Sumis, Chakhesangs, Lothas, Pochurys and others. Shirui is 18km from Ukhrul town and 97 km from Imphal. The Poumai Nagas have many festivals, dances and performing arts. In most of the places agriculture consists of monocrop. Christianity is a large part of current Tangkhul Naga culture. 5th day is the wrestling competition day. This valley is well known for its natural beauty, seasonal flowers, small mountain ranges, caves and the overall flora and fauna. The Tangkhul tribe has more than a hundred dialects and each village of Tangkhul has its own dialect including Khangoi, Khunggoi, Kupome, Phadang and Ukhrul. Poumai Naga has a population of 1,87,180 as per 2011 census. They have a village haedman who administers the village day to day activities. The other way is also in Nagaland from the foothills of Jakhama village which is of three to four hours trek. The offered cow is first sprinkled with pure water and then it is slaughtered. Here are 7 facts about Nagaland: 1) Mithun is the state animal of Nagaland. It occupies about 70 per cent of the total area under cultivation and constitutes about 75 per cent of the total food production in the state. Praying for Nagaland… Few of the other festivals celebrated by different tribal … She had a passion for writing about India's lifestyle, culture, tradition, travel, and is trying to cover all Indian Cultural aspects of Daily Life. On the last two days, the boys and girls exchange rice beer with each other to express their festive choice.. http://http://m.indianetzone.com/artical.aspx?iwebpageid=25309. The prepared rice beer vessels for the feast were tasted and blessed on this day. For any query regarding this website Please Contact Web Master. Meats and rice beers are also given to all their relatives or guest on their departure day. This Village was specially built to preserve the unique culture, language, costumes and lifestyle of all tribes and sub-tribes of Nagaland and is located 10 kilometres from Kohima. The second day of the festival is known as CHIZIIYU means the sanctification of house. This festival falls during the month of July which is more or less the beginning of the lean months. The state capital is Kohima, located in the southern part of Nagaland. Dziikou valley is a valley located at the border of the Indian states of Nagaland and Manipur. Learn more about the state in this article. As a celebration, the villagers express their friendship for each other by exchanging gifts, making new friends, feasting, bon fire etc. Even now, the festival is observed with great festive mood and gaiety. The fourth day is known as NIIDAI means day four of the festival. It is about 110 km from the state capital Imphal. It is a land of natural beauty endowed with rare flora and fauna. Pineapple plantation Buddies chatting on a 'puliya' Local Backpacks Dimapur market: Small intertwining lanes that would challenge the map-drawers skills; Shops spilling out onto the streets with wares stacked in sacks and baskets on the road. The people speak the Maram dialect. The seven day customary festival if Maram Naga is celebrated on 20th day of Ponghi-kii(July) on completion of paddy transplantation. The Tangkhuls are one of the indigenous tribes of Manipur. Thank you for all the sacrifices you’ve made for our family. Mao is one of the major tribes constituting the Nagas; inhabiting the Northern part of Manipur. Dziikou derives its meaning from the Mao or Angami word which translates to ‘Cold Water’ referring to the ice cold stream that flows through the valley. Simmi Kamboj is the Founder and Administrator of Ritiriwaz, your one-stop guide to Indian Culture and Tradition. Their culture is exemplary and so is their contribution to India's progress. On the 2nd day, the small children play with cocks which are again slaughtered in the evening. The place of Mao is the oldest hill stations of Manipur bordering Nagaland. Also bounded by similar Naga tribes in Nagaland such as the Angami and the Chakesang tribes. “Their culture is exemplary and so is their contribution to India’s progress.” On the occasion of the 58th Statehood Day of Nagaland, the Prime Minister greeted the people of the state. TRIBES, CULTURE & HISTORY OF ASSAM & NAGALAND ABOUT THE TRIP: It is an Incredible Tour covering lots of Villages in Nagaland. Usually the festival is celebrated in groups and young folks organise a grand feast in the house of their respective ‘beauty queen’ selected during the festival. Festivals of Nagaland. Marriage in Nagaland is centered around many interesting beliefs, facts and principles that are rooted deep within the tribal people of the state. NAGALAND is a land of festivals. The giver of Live , Love and Character. They are settled in the Ukhrul District of Manipur. Varieties of plums are available in the month of June. Nagaland is a small state in the North Eastern part of India with English as its State’s official language but diverse local dialects. Tourism department organizes a Hornbill festival in December showcasing culture and heritage of the Naga tribes. It is the home for world famous Siroy lily(Lilium Macklinia). It is believed that through this religious rites and rituals their sins are forgiven and God will protect them from all kinds of diseases. The objective initially was to carry on research on Naga Life and Culture and a Research Library. A home of near about 16 tribes, the Nagaland state has much more to explore. Are caught and collected for the feast. The government of Nagaland welcomes one and all to this mega event for a preview of what the state has to offer in terms of culture, traditions, tourism interest and industry. Nagaland has a rich linguistic tradition with as many languages as there are tribes, each exclusive to itself. Each of these tribes has their own unique and stellar and indigenous culture, customs, tradition and festivals. Salesmen-owners sitting on a makeshift arrangement outside the store, crowding up the space for pedestrian-shoppers. May you live a very long happy live. In traditional attireshttp://https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maram_Naga. The colourful traditional attire of Poumai Naga, http://https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Poumai_Naga, http://https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maram_Naga, Mangkhap Phanit festival of Tangkhul Naga, Thounii festival of Poumai Naga community. Agriculture was the main occupation of the people and also they run small scale industries in the village level. The festival is celebrated for 9 days. What is even more remarkable is that even within the language of a particular tribe, there are dialects mutually unintelligible. All male participants go to nearby spring for taking compulsory bath before starting the competition which is called ‘adui kung’. Nagaland Society and Culture provides a vivid description about the people and ethnicity of the state. There are three ways of reaching the valley. On the occasion of the 58th Statehood Day of Nagaland, the Prime Minister greeted the people of the state. Ukhrul is the principal dialect. They regard their festivals sacrosanct and participation in celebration is compulsory. Thounii heralds the coming of spring and reminds the farmers to go back to work inside fields. The offering of a clean cow is related to a good harvest for the current year. All the tribes have their own festivals which they hold so dear. All the tribes celebrate their distinct seasonal festivals with a pageantry of colour and a feast of music. They are deeply religious and observes taboos strictly. Nagaland was granted statehood on December 1, 1963, with Kohima being declared as its capital. Mao is famous for plum fruit production. Source The Long-living Tribes: The Essence of Naga Culture and Tradition Nagaland has an ancient history of tribes whose count sums to be as much as 66 including the sub-tribes. Check out places to visit in Nagaland: People & Culture: NAGALAND is a land of festivals. Fish, crabs, etc. Nagaland is basically a land of agriculture. He also prayed for the state's continuous development. It last for 7 days. The state capital is Kohima, located in the southern part of Nagaland. In a tweet, Modi said: "Greetings to my sisters and brothers of Nagaland on their statehood day. In Nagaland, the beginning of December is marked by a flurry of activity for the Hornbill Festival, an event that showcases the state’s culture through folk dances, traditional music, local food, fun competitions (think competitive Bhut jolokia consumption) and craft workshops highlighting textiles, jewellery and recipes.Last year, Grammy Award winner A.R. The birds caught were tied to a pole and were erected at the village gate. All the tribes celebrate their distinct seasonal festivals with a pageantry of colour and a feast of music. The people of Nagaland are known for their courage and kindness. In this festival, married women are invited by their brothers and are presented with a kilogram to 3 kilogrammes at the least of cooked pork and other food items. Newly born sons are given birth ceremonial celebration. It is bordered by the state of Arunachal Pradesh to the north, Assam to the west, Manipur to the south and the Sagaing Region of Myanmar to the east. It is one of the smaller states in India, and nearly all of Nagaland is mountainous. These festivals hark back to times prior to the advent of Christianity. Our Reporter Dimapur, Nov. 24 (EMN): The percentage of cases registered in connection with violence against women does not reflect the real picture in Nagaland, according to Vitono Haralu, the director of Pathfinder, an NGO in Dimapur. The people are known for bravery, fidelity and wisdom. The sacred festival of Poumai Nagas is celebrated on completion of paddy transplantation which usually falls in the last fortnight of July. As the people of Nagaland celebrate their 58th Statehood Day, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Tuesday took to Twitter to extend his greetings. Mao is an idle place to live in with suitable weather condition. Second way is from the foothills of Viswema village in Nagaland which is of two hour trek. [Also read: Mithun farming to become bankable soon] 2) Rhododendron is the state flower of Nagaland. Rice beer called Pou-yu or Pou-zhao in Poumai is a very popular drink among the Poumai. The soup of the chicken is drained out in a bowl and is used for cooking rice which is to be used in chicken sacrifice. For subscription: 8787748151 / 9366840067 For distribution: 8837232675 Home; Front; State; India; North-East; Social; Sports; Around The Globe; Business; Editorial Food items are exchanged with each other and then the villagers take part in grand feast. Long jump competition between lineages and clans take place on the 4th day. On the first day chicken sacrifice is done. Not only that it is famous for organic production of fruits and vegetables. Fooders are brought and fed the cattle in the shed. "Their culture is exemplary and so is their contribution to India's progress." The ones who caught the bird was considered the lucky man of the year. The folk music of the Naga's again shows diversity in their melodious traditional rhythm depending on … Many songs are also composed and as such this is a season of poetry, songs and dance. The Moatsu is a festival celeberated by Ao People of Nagaland. The people are known as Ememei or Memei in their own language. The geography of the Maram area is marked by hills, shrubs and tropical forests. Rice is the staple food. Isii of Senapati district of Manipur. After this the real festival activities starts. The Maram tribe belongs to the Naga community who inhabit the North – Eastern part of India and the Western part of Myanmar(Burma). The menfolk go around the village whooping in full traditional attires and the whole villagers come to the public ground in the evening with their five beer and food stuffs. Nagaland is truly a fascinating land that needs to be explored. This makes inter-tribe and intra-tribe communication very difficult. An integral part of social and cultural lifestyle of the native population of Nagaland, the unique dancing styles of the state are performed with proper props of dao, shield or spear. This festival is also observed in the same old ways even now, but with some modifications and by adding certain Christian norms. A dash of colour: people, life and culture — Rajnath Singh (@rajnathsingh) December 1, 2020. Most of these festivals revolve round agriculture, it being the main-stay of Naga society. Tangkhul people are the first community in Manipur to become a Christian. It is the month of merry making and jubilation, many songs are sung during this festival by the youths in praise of the beauty of nature. On this day Yaosomai (traditional religion believers) take two small branch of Mousii (a kind of small tree) and insert to the side of the wall of the house as part of their custom. http://https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dz%C3%BCkou_Valley. Animals were killed throughout the festival. Total cultivable areas is 7,21,924 hectare. In Mao the word Dziikou mean like dream because of its mystic charm and beauty. IMPORTANT FESTIVALS & TIME OF CELEBRATIONS. The food habit is quite similar to that of other Nagas. It is a colourful state of impeccable culture and traditions. It is situated at an altitude of 2453 metres above sea level. Siroy lily is a special variety of lily that grows only on the Shirui hill. William Pettigrew in 1895. http://http://ukhrul.nic.in/places-to-visit.html, (Happy Mother’s Day to all the Loving Moms). Out of these, 16 are considered as major tribes. Third day is known as MURASOUYOU or RANAIYOU. The men folk go to the jungle to chase and catch a particular bird called SEITU with bare hands. In the evening, the family members bake sticky rice bread on a flat stone and the baked bread were mixed with sesame cream for better taste. To the Poumais, food means cooked rice. The Ninth day known as the last day of the festival, the head of the family goes beyond the village gate and kill a chicken. Boy’s and girls assemble in there respective dormitories where they prepare meal and meat on the 3rd day. My people, the Nagas, have a continuing high regard for the past, and throughout our life we are taught by example and observation that it is through the knowledge gained over time that our people have managed to survive. The third day is also known as SHEPAO which means sent off the guest. All animals for consumptive during the feast were slaughtered and divided among relatives and neighbours. Agriculture and animal husbandry is the prime occupation. The competition is held before the village Khullakpa. A common feature is that the festivals revolve around agriculture, the mainstay of Naga economy. Nagaland's capital city is Kohima and its largest city is Dimapur. The famous tourist spot in Ukhrul is the Shirui Kashung peak. It … Kohima: People of Nagaland celebrated the 'Moatsu festival' or spring festival in a three-day long celebration with full fervour at Chuchuyimlang Village of Nagaland. When all cooking is done and necessary items are collected and ready, they go to their respective fields and perform the chicken sacrifice. After receiving blessings from Khullakpa the competition starts in the presence of him. [Also read: Mithun farming to become bankable soon] 2) Rhododendron is the state flower of Nagaland. Cattles are not taken out for grazing in the open space. The people of Nagaland are known for their courage and kindness. Also bounded by similar Naga tribes in Nagaland such as the Angami and the Chakesang tribes. The people of Nagaland are known for their courage and kindness. The roasted dressed chicken is cut and boiled in water with salt and spices. We are proud of Nagaland’s rich and vibrant culture. The Maran people are united by a common past, language, customs and practices.  Culture Art. Second day is known as SEPOYOU. Persons of the same clan do not inter-marry and any kind of sexual relations between them is strictly forbidden. The festival starts with killing buffaloes and cows. The first day is known as KIKHAIYOU. And let grow as swift as the loose gun. The most famous one among the flora is the Dziikou lily which blooms in the month of June. There are 94 Poumai inhabited villages of which 84 are revenue recognised villages and 9 are unrecognised. To the North are the Mao Nagas ; to the South are the Thangal Nagas and the Kukis, to the east are Poumai Nagas and to the West and South West are Zeliangrong Nagas (Liangmai and Zeme). They are bounded by similar Naga tribes in Manipur such as the Maram Naga, the Zeme Naga, the Tangkhul and Poumai tribes. However, English is the predominant spoken and written language in Nagaland. This bovine that weighs around 1000 kg and with an average body length of 8-10 feet is also known as the cattle of the mountains. The Naga tribes follow the exogamous principle in marriage. Agriculture and animal husbandry is the prime occupation. Site Contents owned and updated by concerned Departments and coordinated by Department of Information Technology, Nagaland. The language spoken by the Poumai is called Poula. They have beautiful attires for both men and women folks. The 7 days are called as Lingshamasui, Wangnimatam, Ngeedii, Matoh, Sabangha, Hangira and Thangira respectively. Fifth day is known as NIIDU, the day of the feast. Mao is located at an altitude of 5762 feet above the sea level. The contribution of agricultural sector in the state is very significant. By early 1970, the building for the Directorate was constructed with an annexe for the State Museum. Their beautiful art and culture speaks volumes of their heritage which stands the test of time and reflects the culture and lives of the people. Respective fields and perform the chicken is cut into pieces and throws one piece the... Run small scale industries in the family and also they run small scale industries in the shed day for festival. 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